Terrecotte Benelux/Europe 

Handcrafted terracotta floor tiling

Made by hand, the terracotta tiles with their shadowy glow providing a warm and welcoming appearance, can be laid in various patterns to enhance the visual effect to create a more spacious look. Due to the typical nuances of wood-baking and uneven surface of the tile, the floor has a natural appearance and the tile is pleasant to touch. Various finishes will provide the desired roughness or smoothness of the floor, but either way these natural terracotta floors last a lifetime and are suitable for interior and exterior floors. The tiles have a high resistance to wear, to changes of temperature and provide considerable thermal comfort. Sandblasted and baked at 1000C for 30 hours, the tiles are guaranteed slip-resistant, frost and stain resistant and water repellent. The majority of our terracotta tiles are available in various sizes, finishes to provide the desired roughness or smoothness of the floor and colours (dough mixes red – rosa(to) and yellow – giallo); other colours such as black (nero) and white (bianco) are also available. 

A selection of the finest antique floors and replicates of historic floors from medieval times  can be found in our range of handmade terracotta floors as well.

Colors & Finishes overview

Antique floors

Antico Restauro is a line created for use in recovery contexts of life in the past. The unique manufacturing technique, perfected in years of impassioned studies and secret procedures, results in an irregular form and smooth surface that seems to have been sculpted by time. The marks and impressions scattered here and there impart a feeling that the floor underfoot is imbued with a story of its own, just waiting to be discovered. Antico Restauro is the ideal solution for integrating missing portions of antique structures or reconstructing old farm houses, as well as giving that inimitable touch to the interiors of contemporary homes. The irregular aspect and the myriad of color finishings give the surface the charm of the past, respecting the requisite of daily living, ease of maintenance and preservation…that make these floors such a pleasant experience.

Mediceo historic flooring: Composizioni Fiorentine 

Derived from the name Medici, with these beautiful handmade Mediceo floors our producer of Impruneta cotto brings homage to the historic and richly decorated buildings created by Catherine de Medici, offspring from the famous Italian banking family and the Lords of Florence. Patronized by her father in law King Francis, a prodigious patron of the arts who initiated the French Renaissance by attracting many Italian artists to work on the Château de Chambord and starting off the first School of Fontainebleau, in 1559 Catherine became a patron of architecture in her own right. Over the next three decades, she launched a series of costly building projects aimed at enhancing the grandeur of the monarchy (Valois chapel at Saint-Denis, the Tuileries Palace, the Hôtel de la Reine in Paris, the château of Chenonceau). Our producer, with experience in producing impruneta fired brick for over seven generations, masters the production of these terracotta floorings that were used to embellish 17th-18th century Florentine palaces. Together with the master workmanship of two types of clay typical of their quarry, these hand-crafted combinations, produced as ‘Composizioni Fiorentini’ and unique due to the colour contrast between the two types of clay, enhance the elegance and uniqueness of handmade terracotta flooring that would nowadays suit any space! 

Most appealing to the imagination of the Composizioni Fiorentine: the ‘Ponte Vecchio’; paying obeisance to the famous old and ‘indestructible’ bridge spanning the river Arno and originally built in 996, our producer has created a wonderful handmade terracotta floor mosaic consisting of small (tozetto) and large squares carrying a tensive colour shade in each tile. The ‘Bridge of Rich and Famous’ -as this first bridge ever built on the Arno became to be known after Cosimo I de’Medici had built a private corridor to cross the river froPalazzo Pitti to Palazzo Vecchio-, still is quite inspirational and not just from an architectural point of view!Forte Belvedere, one of four handmade terracotta mosaic floors in the Composizioni Fiorentine collection and being manufactured by our Impruneta producer as a tribute to late medieval Florence and the Medici family, has a distinctive renaissance pattern. The tozetti are placed in a quartered turn, appearing as diamonds separating the squares on each corner. The homage of our producer to the fort, designed and built by Bernardo Buontalenti between 1590 - 1595 by order of Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici, is that fortresses in the 16th century were a demonstration of the city’s military capabilities.

Located in the southern hills of the Arno River and on the highest hill of the Boboli Gardens, connected to Palazzo Vecchio and Palazzo Pitti alongside the river Arno, the fortress houses a luxureous villa at its centre:  the Palazzina di Belvedere, designed by Bartolomeo Ammannati in 1570 to house the Grand Duke and the Medici family treasures in troubling times. Inspired by one of the most beautiful examples of Florentine gothic building, the ‘Bargello’ handmade terracotta floor is another mosaic manufactured by hand by our Impruneta producer as a tribute to late medieval Florence and the Medici family. Consisting of tozetti (small squares) and rectangle tiles and darker in colour than the ‘Ponte Vecchio’ floor, these tiles show the structure of the clay and have a slightly rough surface. Built in 1255, the Bargello Palace’s 54 meter high bell tower Montanina served to warn Florence’s inhabitants for assaults.  In 1574 the head of the police, the Bargello, took up residence in the castle and turned it into an executional prison until 1786 when the Grand Duke Pietro Leopold abolished the death penalty. The palace was restored by architect Francesco Mazzei in 1858. Although his specific approach to the restoration is not preserved in any textual sources, the physical evidence indicates that his restoration of the Bargello was most likely informed by the work of Guiseppe Martelli (1792-1876), the leading voice in architectural restoration in Florence in the 1850s and 60s, and of the Frenchman Eugène Emannuel Voillet-le-Duc (1814-1879), whose theories became increasingly popular in Florence after 1860. Instead of repairing the Bargello and maintaining the later additions to the building, Mazzei removed any trace of work carried out after the 14 th century and remade the palazzo into what he and his contemporaries believed to be its original medieval state. To decorate the Bargello, he called on artists working in revival styles. (Source: Medieval Art and Architecture after the Middle Ages, Janet T. Marquard, Alyce A. Jordan, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 14 Jan 2009). ‘Galleria Palatina, a handmade terracotta floor mosaic produced by our Impruneta producer as tribute to the Medici family, particularly refers to the Sala dell’ Arca in the Palazzo Pitti in Florence; the private chambers of the Grand Duchess Vittoria della Rovere, spouse of Ferdinando II Medici, reserved for audiences, was renovated by Luigi Ademollo (1816) after the end of the Napoleonic domination. The floor consists of squares, each highlighted with lighter frames (listelli), giving the floor its royal appearance. The Galleria, founded in the end of the 18th century by the Habsburg-Lorraine family, houses paintings from Botticelli, Raphael, Andrea del Sarto, Titian, Rubens, Michelangelo Caravaggio and the series of frescoes by Pietro da Cortona, painted between 1640 and 1647 for Grand Duke of Tuscany Fedinando II de’ Medici; all part of the main Medici’s collections covering the 16 th and 17 th centuries.

Padania historic flooring  Composizioni di Omogeneo, Nocciolato & Variegato (Lombard)

Our producer in the area of the Po valley has been realizing handcrafted terracotta products such as bricks, floors, frames, balusters and vases piece by piece, following the traditional rules of dough mixing, moulding and cooking. The Po Valley alluvial lands are present in their quarries with thin overlapping deposits of clays of different quality and origin. In past centuries the dough was made in a coarse way, so that the shades of the various clays were manifested after cooking with the classic hazelnuts of different colours. Following the ancient methods of dough treatment, our producer maintains the characteristics of the historic Padania floors. 
The Varicoloured Variegato Lombard was traditionally used between the 16th and 20th centuries in the areas of Lombardy, Piedmont and Canton Ticino to pave both homes and historic homes. The characteristic of this floor is the contemporary presence in the tiles of two clays of different composition, which after cooking show distinctly red-orange and white-straw colored colors. The veins are produced by the manipulation of two clay mixed separately and mixed in layers with special techniques.  The clay is printed manually in wood molds after the mixing process and is processed in such a way that the desired pattern and color scheme are created. Each tile is then dried in a drying room (minimum 3 days depending on the thickness of the tile) after which the tile is baked in a temperature of > 1200 degrees. 

Composizioni di Variegato (Lombard) 

The way of mixing the clay for the Variegato (Lombard) makes all the difference in the final appearance of these floors. The ancient ovens, whose traditions in creating such beautiful handcrafted compositions date back to the early middle ages, have left us some spectacular floors. The duration of the baking process is on average 3 to 5 days after which the tile is slowly cooled down. The adhered Lombard tile is grounded flat after baking. This also applies to the side surfaces (calibrate), making the adhered Lombard completely seamless and in combination with other tiles that have undergone the same operations. Desirable patterns and color combinations are possible.  

Usually the size of the handmade terracotta brothel Lombard is a rectangular tile with sides of 40x20 cm. Less often we have encountered the 25x25, 28x28 and 32x32 formats. There are many types of "grain" because of the fact that many small ovens were spread over the territory of Avvelevano. Each had their own treatment (procedure) and forms of technology. The handmade tiles with varied compositions were produced in the 1830s - 1850's "Furnace of Count Lana" in Borgonato. This adored Lombard was initially used mainly for important buildings in different cities of Lombardy (Milan, Cremona, Bergamo, Mantova, Brescia) with polished and calibrated finish. The brazed Lombard is made of different types of clay mixed in a special way.

Varicoloured 2Colori

Varicoloured 3Colori


Varicoloured Intarsiato

The Nocciolato tile is made of this typical Po valley clay. The lumps or colour spots which are on the surface of the tiles are due to the clays of different natures. When rivers were without banks, the floods brought clays of different colours and compositions from different places: the Apennines and the Ligurian Alpes. These clays, sedimenting and overlapping in layers, have formed the current alluvional soils that are so characteristic for the Nocciolato.

Beautiful example of an inlaid bicoloured floor, produced from clay found on the banks of the river Po as was found mainly in the Champagne and Bourgogne regions of France. The floors were used from the 12th to the 16th century in churches, monasteries, castles and in other prestigious buildings, carrying  symbols and figures that in the Middle Ages evoked faith. In later centuries floral and ornamental motifs were introduced to the design.

All our floor tiling is carefully produced according to strict production requirements.