TERRACOTTA FLOOR TILING: FINISHES

SEAMLESS


Posa Accostata - Seamless


Most of our floors can be installed seamless (Posa Accostata Rettificato) The handmade terracotta brick is by its nature slightly irregular both on the surface and on the sides. We firmly reiterate that this characteristic, in the limit of its intrinsic beauty, represents a value and not a defect. It follows that the laying of the same will never be with no escape (every brick attached to the other) but with a minimum average gap of 3/4 mm. If you want to opt for a terracotta floor without joints, the only solution is the grinding of the sides. Fornace Bernasconi is equipped with a special machine able to rectify the sides and make them perfectly fit one another. This type of processing which is carried out after firing, does not represent a true and proper finish but must be considered in addition to the others (ground honed, ground sanded, etc.). Although it is possible to do this work on all the finishes we believe it finds its natural position in the polished as it is able to broaden the elegant and refined effect of the handmade terracotta floor. 

BESPOKE FINISHES

Our fornaces are able to finish the tiles on customer demand. Please contact us for more information.



INDOOR


Finish Lisciato for indoor application


Finish Lisciato for indoor application the surface of the brick in which the work of man is imprinted, as if to sign one by one the bricks made. The sandblasted part remains with the Grezzo finish while on the opposite side a light correspondence is made raw. This is because by nature this face has a slightly concave surface (it will have the edges of the perimeter slightly higher than the center of the brick). By intervening with a correspondence (very fine grain otherwise the brick is rolled) we tend to smooth the brick, making this surface soft and harmonious and giving it an almost velvety appearance. This finish is used almost exclusively for paving. Also in this case, as in the Carteggiato, the final result depends a lot on the color of the brick, the width and the color of the escape that will change the connotations of the floor from classic and traditional to modern and design. Particularly important in relation to its intrinsic fact is the correspondence (always with sandpaper with a very fine grain) after laying with the aid of motorbike brushes or the like. Suitable for mounting both inside and outside, even if the advice is in any case to favor the interior with respect to an external flooring due to the fact that the slightly concave brick can collect / make water stagnate, going towards halos and / or getting dirty more easily. 

Finish Levigato for indoor application


Finish Levigato for indoor application The brick in this case is considered to be a marble. This process is done after firing or even after laying using sanding machines. The same will remove / consume 3/4 mm of brick making the surface of the same perfectly coplanar. If we want it is the most elegant finish, with a perfectly smooth surface. If we want, it is the finish that more or less renders the manual construction of the brick, discovering the soul and the authentic color of the brick. Features are the micro cavities that occur on the same surface of the brick. The latter are due to the manual construction of the brick and more precisely to manual pressing: in this case the human hand will not have the same effectiveness / homogeneity of the machines for which going to polish will highlight these micro cavities that I repeat represent a value when a defect of the material itself. Those that are too evident during grouting will be filled and stuccoed. Used almost exclusively for the floors, coming out of the authentic color of the brick, with this finish it is easier to make contrasting bands of color or floors with particular designs (octagon with tub or irregular pentagon with a toothache) as well as obtain rectified floors and shimmed. The coplanar surface makes this finish usable almost exclusively for indoor terracotta flooring. Ideal for the renovation of old houses in the city center with an elegant and more classic character.

OUTDOOR


Finish Ars Vetus for outdoor application


The Ars Vetus finish for indoor and outdoor application is the fruit of continuous research in respect of materials and ancient traditions. Born from the aesthetic and functional need to find a suitable brick for the restoration of the Flavio amphitheater in Rome (Colosseum): the superintendency was looking for the "perfect" brick. After a period of research we managed to find the right work that could give the brick the desired characteristics. This is a vibro finish with the use of inert material that is carried out after the firing can give the brick the effect and the taste of a real lived brick, to the point of being indistinguishable from the more expert eye. This type of processing also represents a sort of selection since the brick is subjected to high stresses for more than 30 minutes: if the brick has imperfections it would not exceed this stress and would break. The bricks that resist are sure that they are qualitatively perfect both in terms of cooking and inert content contained within (calcinello). The result obtained is comparable to a recovery brick, uniformly worn by weather and bad weather. The corners are slightly rounded and the surface is very smooth, velvety to the touch while still maintaining the imperfect characteristics of the hand-made brick. Born out of the need to restore an important historical structure, this finish has always found a greater application in the private market over time. Its charm is due to the exaltation of the material in its simplicity: the velvety and soft surface to the touch, the warm shades of color of the brick paste offer welcoming environments with both classic and extremely modern design. It is recommended both for the inside and outside, as a floor or for the masonry (columns, jambs, facing walls, etc.): its ductility is due to the fact that the processing concerns all parts of the brick and not only a face. It can be treated with decorations and enamels that give a touch of particularity to an already unique and inimitable product. Ars Vetus is a registered trademark of Fornace Bernasconi.

Finish Grezzo for outdoor application


Finish Grezzo for outdoor application is the brick without any processing, just as it comes out of the mold and then from the wood-burning oven. With this type of finish identifies the part of the sandblasted brick: slightly rough and natural. It is the most ancient and traditional finish. In this case the use of the release agent (limo) plays a fundamental role both in terms of grain (finer or rougher) and in terms of color. Various types of GREZZA finish are available to satisfy the client's aesthetic and functional needs. This finish is particularly recommended for outdoor flooring as it is naturally anti-slip (CERTIMAC test reports can be downloaded from the site), for masonry (facing walls, column cladding, external thresholds / stairs and in attics or for those who love authenticity of the real handmade brick Your good taste combined with our wisdom will be the best combination for the choice of brick.

Finish Carteggiato for outdoor application


Finish Carteggiato for outdoor application is the finish that removes from the brick part of the surface roughness on the sanded side. This effect is obtained by roughly sanding the brick manually on the sanded part. The result is to soften the surface without altering the appearance of the artisan brick which at this point will no longer be uniformly rough (sanded) but will present parts of the surface softer and flattened to the touch. The surface of the brick seems to have an aspect worn by the daily trampling that has lasted for many years. This finish is used almost exclusively for indoor and outdoor flooring. It is particularly suitable for historical restoration and renovation of old farmhouses. The color of the joints and the width of the same during laying determine the use: in a classic way (large and gray colored) or modern (very narrow and matching joints the color of the brick) ideal in warm and welcoming environments. It is advisable to re-sand with the aid of single brush machines and very fine sandpaper after laying and before carrying out the treatment: the result will be to remove the small bumps between one brick and the other due to the laying of a handmade material, while maintaining the same character and style. A carpet of bricks all the same but each different from the other with light and warm shades of color will be the result of a skilful work that begins with the extraction of the earth and ends with the treatment of the floor.